As mentioned before, Pimzarblan does not make usage of adjectives as much–at least in the traditional sense; rather they find ways of creating new adjectives. The English language tends to create adjectives through morphological shift by placing the +ly at the anterior, deriving from the same root as like, with words like friendly and happily. Pimzarblan does more than a morphological shift, rather it uses relativizers in order to create neologisms.

Although relative clauses are more evident in the English language, they are not used for derivational purposes.

A way to differentiate between derivational relative clauses from typical relative clauses has to do with emphatic tone. In a relative clause that only modifies the noun, the emphasis is placed at the noun itself, as typically as the tone is placed at the beginning of the word in typical Pimzarblan sentences. For derivational relative clauses, the emphasis is placed on the relative word.

  • Dei:gquorlsawomz: a king who tends to gather land.
  • Deigquo:rlsawomz: an emperor

This also applies to words containing the word for “that” in the relative context:

  • O:rquitaguol: a horse that tends to swim
  • Orqui:taguol: a hippocamp

While the Pimzarblan adjectives are placed in front of the modified noun, the derivational relative clauses are placed at the end.

As far as occupations, it would depend upon which part of the Pimzarblan Island you end up in. In some parts, you would come across a:

  • hangsquo:rb: builder [derived from “a man-who-tends-to-build”]

While in other parts, you would most likely hear:

  • tnquo:rb: builder [derived from “he-who-tends-to-build”]

The way that Japanese uses relative pronouns as adjectives is by taking intransitive verbs and affixing onto it iru, which is the auxiliary verb for “to be.” Intransitive verbs is almost always used in Pimzarblan derivational relative clauses.

Of course, if you followed the Pimzarblan Conlinguistics series, you will notice that I did not use the verbalizers such as +walng or +gweingso. I will explain in the next installment how the presence of verbalizers determines whether a verb complex is active or passive.

Sources

  • Curzan, Anne and Michael Adams. “How English Works: A Linguistic Introduction.” 3rd Edition. Pearson. 2012.
  • Wikipedia
    • Relative Clause#Japonic Language

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